If you are an average Joe, you probably visit the bars regularly and drink alcohol. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention states that Drinking too much can harm your health. Excessive alcohol use led to approximately 88,000 deaths and 2.5 million years of potential life lost (YPLL) each year in the United States from 2006 – 2010, shortening the lives of those who died by an average of 30 years.
According to another statistics, there were 136.8 million drinkers in the US in 2013.
Have you thought what alcohol is doing to your body and brain?
Especially about alcohol, everything in moderation is not health detrimental, but many people have no breaks when it comes to alcohol consumption.
If you’re searching for any way to stop drinking excessive amounts of alcohol, Dr. Samuel Ball explains why alcohol is one of the most dangerous substances on the planet.
Watch the video bellow:
When you take a sip from the glass, around 33% of it gets absorbed into the blood through the stomach lining. What’s left of it is slowly absorbed into the blood through the small intestine.
Once it hits the bloodstream, it spreads into (almost) every biological tissue in the body, as cell membranes are highly absorbent.
The recommended intake of alcohol for men is 2 drinks per day, while for women it’s 1 drink. More than that can cause any sort of health and social problems.
If men drink more than 5 drinks per day, and women drink more than 4, it is considered ‘red zone’ drinking.
What alcohol is doing to your brain
What happens once that vodka orange juice works its way through your bloodstream and hits the brain?
We hear many different things about how alcohol affects the brain and body, most notably that it is a depressant. That’s only one part of the story. Alcohol is a depressant, but it’s also an indirect stimulant, and plays a few other roles that might surprise you.
Alcohol directly affects brain chemistry by altering levels of neurotransmitters — the chemical messengers that transmit the signals throughout the body that control thought processes, behavior and emotion. Alcohol affects both “excitatory” neurotransmitters and “inhibitory” neurotransmitters.
How Stuff Works states:
Alcohol affects the different regions of the brain in different ways:
Cerebral cortex: In this region, where thought processing and consciousness are centered, alcohol depresses the behavioral inhibitory centers, making the person less inhibited; it slows down the processing of information from the eyes, ears, mouth and other senses; and it inhibits the thought processes, making it difficult to think clearly.
Cerebellum: Alcohol affects this center of movement and balance, resulting in the staggering, off-balance swagger we associate with the so-called “falling-down drunk.”
Hypothalamus and pituitary: The hypothalamus and pituitary coordinate automatic brain functions and hormone release. Alcohol depresses nerve centers in the hypothalamus that control sexual arousal and performance. Although sexual urge may increase, sexual performance decreases.
Medulla: This area of the brain handles such automatic functions as breathing, consciousness and body temperature. By acting on the medulla, alcohol induces sleepiness. It can also slow breathing and lower body temperature, which can be life threatening.
In the short term, alcohol can cause blackouts – short-term memory lapses in which people forget what occurred over entire stretches of time. The long-term effects on the brain can be even more damaging.
What alcohol is doing to your body
According to the doctor in the video, Dr. Samuel Ball, when someone becomes addicted to alcohol, it can be one of the most destructive drugs to various parts of the body and different organ systems.
Alcohol can have very significant effects on cognitive impairment, memory loss and lack of motor coordination.
It can also cause detrimental liver disease because the liver helps get rid toxic things throughout the body.
It can also cause esophageal problems, down to the stomach and pancreatitis…
Worst case scenarios can be things like alcohol related dementia and delirium, which are extremely serious problems that can lead to people going into nursing homes…
Next time when you finish your first drink, remember that you may need to finish there.
The best 3 books about Alcoholism:
- Alcoholics Anonymous
- This Naked Mind: Control Alcohol, Find Freedom, Discover Happiness, and Change Your Life
- Dreamland: The True Tale of America’s Opiate Epidemic
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